Shanxi "control coal" situation is still grim
Recently, shanxi provincial department of ecology and environment released the "report report" of atmospheric governance for half a year.Compared with the same period last year, the composite index of 5 cities rebounded to different degrees. Shuozhou and datong respectively rebounded by 11.7% and 10.2%, and jincheng was flat year-on-year.
Across the country, linfen ranked last among 168 key cities released by the ministry of ecology and environment in the same period, while taiyuan and jincheng were among the 20 cities with the worst air quality.In terms of the improvement of air quality, shuozhou, datong, changzhi and taiyuan all performed poorly in the first six months, ranking the bottom 20.
Many experts pointed out that shanxi, as a "2+26" city and the province with the largest concentration of key cities in the fenwei plain, has a more arduous task to control air pollution than surrounding areas.In particular, based on the reality of "difficult to return", the structural pollution problem is still prominent in the province, the industrial structure relying on heavy industry and the energy structure with high coal consumption ratio have not been fundamentally reversed, and the air quality can hardly be significantly improved in the short term.How to control coal effectively is still a big problem facing shanxi.
Pollution in many cities rises instead of falling
It has long been a curse for shanxi to rank at the bottom of the air quality rankings, and the pollution "rebound" has long existed.
According to reporters' analysis, since the implementation of the air pollution prevention and control action plan in 2013, shanxi's air quality has been improved for three consecutive years, until the recurrence of fluctuations in 2016, with the average annual concentration of PM2.5 rising to 60 micrograms per cubic meter, 7 percentage points higher than 2015.In 2017, the average PM2.5 concentration in the province was 59 micrograms per cubic meter. Although the task set by the "ten air quality guidelines" was completed, the improvement was relatively small. The comprehensive environmental air quality index ranked last in the country, and the average sulfur dioxide concentration was the highest in the country.In 2018, shanxi saw another strong rebound in air quality, accounting for six of the 20 cities with the worst air quality in the country, and linfen ranked last.
Therefore, to "control coal" as the focus of governance measures in shanxi continue to increase."In 2017, the province added jinzhong and linfen cities to the four beijing-tianjin-hebei air pollution transmission channels, namely taiyuan, yangquan, changzhi and jincheng, to achieve negative growth of total coal consumption.In 2018, the focus of governance was further expanded to eight cities, including the fen and wei plains, and the provincial development and reform commission has drawn up an alternative work plan to reduce coal consumption, guiding the work of all cities."Shanxi Province department of environment and ecology atmosphere told reporters.
How effective is it?In may this year, the central environmental protection supervision team gave a feedback opinion that "although shanxi has done a lot of work in air pollution prevention and control, the structural pollution problem is still prominent, the environmental air quality is not optimistic."
And on the basis of the air quality ranking, shanxi also "self-exposed its short" recently, datong, shuozhou, jincheng and other 6 cities conducted intensive interviews, public notification.The above - mentioned atmosphere place person introduction, was interviewed the ground city's air quality, from January to may all appeared "the serious deterioration", the pollution "does not drop to rise", has dragged the entire province environment air quality improvement the hind leg.Take taiyuan, the provincial capital, for example, which ranks third in terms of deterioration.The average concentration of PM2.5 and PM10 increased 14.8% and 5.3% year-on-year, ranking the second and third worst respectively.
Combined with the current situation, "shanxi is facing unprecedented environmental pressure in the next three years."China's total coal consumption control and policy research group (hereinafter referred to as the "research group"), which has been tracking coal control in shanxi for a long time.
Long-term measures are notably inadequate in some areas
"For shanxi, controlling coal pollution is the key to winning the blue sky battle."Before accepting this reporter to interview, Shanxi Province department of ecology and environment atmosphere director he zhongwei frankly.The three-year action plan for Shanxi Province to win the blue sky battle also sets a target of reducing coal's share of primary energy consumption to 80 percent by 2020.
However, after a lot of work, why are environmental indicators still not pretty?
In the national urban environmental pollution control technology research center researcher peng's opinion, should be standing at the provincial level, shanxi had realized the harsh realities of MeiYanXing pollution, combined with the ecological environment specifically sent atmospheric governance experts team to local stagnation point guidance, proposed in view of "one policy for one city", policies, measures and other theoretical basic no problem."But when it comes to implementation, many parts of shanxi are still in the 'initial stage' of governance."
The personage inside course of study expresses to the reporter more than a few, many management action or stay in the surface, local, or "thunder is loud, raindrop is small", did not consider from fundamental twist."Even the work in some areas was arranged unrealistically from the very beginning, but it was not normal after good governance.""Said one unnamed expert.
Peng yingdeng has also repeatedly found that in order to cope with the environmental supervision team, some cities in shanxi have more short-term behaviors, but the long-term measures to improve the energy structure are obviously insufficient."Local governments are keen to pursue short-term goals and are more eager for immediate success than long-term success."
When it comes to the implementation level, what are the urgent problems to be solved?According to the analysis of the research group, the proportion of coal consumption in production and construction in shanxi has been kept above 95% for a long time, which is concentrated in key coal-consuming industries such as coking, steel, nonferrous metal and chemical industry.Especially coking, electricity two "big", with close to 70% of the coal consumption, determines the province's total coal consumption trend.
Taking coking, the largest coal consuming industry, as an example, the research group further pointed out that as the largest coke production base in China and even in the world, the annual output of coke has been stable at around 80 million tons in recent years.Among them, the proportion of independent coking plants in the coking capacity of the province ranks the first in the country, and the problems of pollution and low efficiency are prominent.But coking industry coal consumption does not fall, electricity consumption accounts for 55% of the energy structure adjustment target is difficult to achieve.It can be said that "this is not only the main area of coal control, but also the biggest difficulty in air pollution control."The research group said.
Much work remains to be done
Around the coking industry "tail big" problem, the reporter learned that the latest release of the "on the issuance of shanxi coking industry high-quality green development three-year action plan notice" requirements, starting October 1, the province's coking enterprises must all meet the environmental protection special emission limits.At the same time, "to ensure the completion of the coking capacity of the province will only reduce, not increase", "strive to use 2 years to achieve the coking industry quality improvement".
On this basis, the research group suggests to further implement the plan of "focusing coke on steel" to achieve the goal of about 0.4 ratio of coke capacity to steel capacity by 2020.Further put forward effective and feasible solutions, as soon as possible to exit the independent coking enterprise, promote the coking industry merger and reorganization, upgrade and transformation to the park.
And these, just solve shanxi to control coal problem a respect."Compared with the whole country, shanxi has the highest proportion of coal consumption, the heaviest pollution caused by coal smoke, the biggest contribution to the economy made by coal power, and the lack of driving force for transformation."Said yuan jin, a professor at the college of environmental science and engineering at taiyuan university of technology and former director of the shanxi ecological environment research center.
In the next step, shanxi needs to strengthen the impetus and pertinence of policies, implement more active macro-control policies and improve coal control, yuan said."In addition to setting total energy consumption targets in the province, and requiring Beijing, tianjin, hebei and surrounding areas, as well as eight cities on the fenwei plain to be coal consumption control cities to achieve negative growth in consumption, it is also necessary to strengthen research on fundamental issues, clearly quantify the targets, and reflect the local characteristics of coal control policies."
At the same time, peng yingdeng reminded us to recognize the long-term, arduous and complex nature of governance, and to avoid simply and roughly implementing the "one-size-ze-all" behavior of reducing coal in order to fill up the historical accounts."Resource endowment and historical reasons have led to the 'serious diseases and difficulties' in shanxi.We cannot demand that their governance level be absolutely in sync with that of the beijing-tianjin-hebei region, nor can we criticize them when they rebound."I don't think the energy structure and industrial structure of shanxi can be fundamentally changed without 10 or even 15 years."
"The coal control plan should not only be formulated scientifically according to local conditions, but also be evaluated in stages.We will adjust measures in time to ensure steady progress and prevent a rebound in coal consumption."Peng yingdeng said